History Geography Polity Economy:
■ IS PREAMBLE A PART OF CONSTITUTION ?
◇ In the Berubari union case (1960), SC held that Preamble is not a part of Constitution.
◇ In the Kesavananda Bharati case (1973), SC rejected earlier opinion and held Preamble is a part of Constitution.
◇ In the LIC of India case ( 1995 ) SC again held that the Constitution is an integral part of Constitution.
■ IS PREAMBLE AMENDABLE ?
◇ In the Keshavananda bharati case 1973 SC held that Preamble can not be amended as it is not a part of Constitution.
◇ Later SC reversed its decision and held that Preamble is a part of Constitution and can be amended.
◇ However, No amendment can be done to Basic features mentioned in Preamble.
◇ Preamble only amended once so far by 42nd CAA which added three new words :-
• Secular and