Model Police Act, 2006
Key features of the Model Police Act, 2006 includes
◆Organisation and recruitment: Each state will have one police service,which shall be headed by the DGP.
●Direct recruitments to subordinate ranks (i.e. below Deputy SP) will be made through a state level Police Recruitment Board.
●Recruitment to officers’ ranks will be through the Union Public Service Commission or State Public Service Commission.
◆Responsibilities: The responsibilities of the police serve will include:
(i) enforcing the law impartially, and protecting life, liberty and human rights,
(ii) preserving public order, and preventing terrorist, militant and other activities affecting internal security,
(iii) protecting public properties,
(iv) preventing and investigating crimes,
(v) providing help in natural or man-made disasters,
(vi) collecting intelligence, etc.
● In police stations in urban areas and crime prone rural areas, investigation of heinous and economic crimes (e.g., murder, serious cases of cheating) will be carried out by a Special Crime Investigation Unit, headed by an officer at least of the rank of a Sub-Inspector. Officers of these units will generally not be diverted for any other duty.
◆Accountability: The state government will exercise superintendence over the police service.
●This will include laying down policies and guidelines, setting standards for quality policing, and ensuring that the police perform their duties in a professional manner.
●State Police Boards will be constituted in each state to frame guidelines, select officers who are qualified to be promoted to rank of DGP, and evaluate police performance.
●Police Accountability Commissions will also be set up by states to address complaints of police misconduct.
●However key police functionaries (e.g., DGP and police station in charge) will have a minimum tenure of two years unless they have been convicted by a court, or suspended from service, etc.
◆Service Conditions: The state government will ensure that the average hours of duty of a police officer do not exceed 8 hours (in exceptional situations, 12 hours).
●Adequate insurance coverage will also be provided to personnel against any injury disability or death caused in line of duty.
● A Police Welfare Board must also be set up to administer and monitor welfare measures for police, including medical assistance, group housing, and legal aid for officers facing court proceedings.