Monday, April 19, 2021

SATAT scheme stands for Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation

🔆SATAT Scheme

✅Oil and Gas Marketing Companies (OGMCs) are inviting potential entrepreneur to procure Compressed Bio Gas (CBG) under the SATAT scheme.


✅SATAT stands for Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation.
✅It is an initiative aimed at setting up Compressed Bio-Gas production plants and makes them available in the market for use in automotive fuels by inviting Expression of Interest from potential entrepreneurs.
✅The initiative was launched in October 2018 by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas in association with the PSUs- Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd.

▪️Its implementation

✅CBG plants are proposed to be set up mainly through independent entrepreneurs.
✅CBG produced at these plants will be transported through cascades of cylinders to the fuel station networks of OMCs for marketing as a green transport fuel alternative.
✅The 1,500-strong CNG stations network in the country currently serves about 32 lakh gas-based vehicles.
✅The entrepreneurs would be able to separately market the other by-products from these plants, including bio-manure, carbon-dioxide, etc., to enhance returns on investment.
✅So far 9 CBG plants have been commissioned and started supply of CBG under the scheme.
✅These plants are located in Andhra Pradesh (1No.), Gujarat (3 No.), Haryana (1 No.), Maharashtra (3 No.) and Tamil Nadu (1No.).

▪️Benefits of the programme

✅There are multiple benefits from converting agricultural residue, cattle dung and municipal solid waste into CBG on a commercial scale:

✅Responsible waste management, reduction in Back2Basics: Compressed Bio Gas (CBG)
Biogas is produced naturally through a process of anaerobic 

✅Additional revenue source for farmers

✅Boost to entrepreneurship, rural economy and employment

✅Support to national commitments in achieving climate change goals

✅Reduction in import of natural gas and crude oil

▪️Buffer against crude oil/gas 

✅price fluctuations
decomposition from waste / bio-mass sources like agriculture residue, cattle dung, sugarcane press mud, municipal solid waste, sewage treatment plant waste, etc.
After purification, it is compressed and called CBG, which has a pure methane content of over 95%.
✅CBG is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas in its composition and energy potential.
✅With calorific value (~52,000 KJ/kg) and other properties similar to CNG, CBG can be used as an alternative, renewable automotive fuel.
✅Given the abundance of biomass in the country, CBG has the potential to replace CNG in automotive, industrial and commercial uses in the coming years.carbon emissions and pollution

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