🔆SLAVE DYNASTY (1206-1290 AD)
✅Qutub-ud-din Aibak Founded Slave dynasty. It is also known as Mamluk Dynasty.
✅Aibak is considered as real founder of Muslim rule in India.
▪️Qutub-ud-din Aibak (1206-1210):
✅Founded First independent Turkish Kingdom in Indian & assumed the title ‘Sultan’.
✅He was a slave of M. Ghori.
✅He became independent after Ghuri’s death and began his rule in 1206 A.D.
✅He Made Lahore capital.
✅He is Known as ‘lakh Baksh’ or giver of lakhs as he gave a lot of liberal donations.
✅ Aibak issued coins in gold, silver, billon and copper. He discarded carving the name of Abbasid caliph on it.
▪️ART & ARCHITECTURE
✅Aibak constructed 2 Mosques:
1. Quwwat-ul-Islam (Delhi).
2. Arhai din ka Jhonpara (Ajmer)
✅He Started construction of the Qutub Minar dedicated to Sufi Saint, Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakthiyar Kaki - later completed by Iltutmish.
✅He patronized Fakhar-ud-Din author of Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi & Hasan Nizami who wrote Tajul-Ma'asir, the first official history of the Delhi Sultanate.
▪️Aram Shah (1210):
✅Considered most incapable ruler. Thus Iltutmish (son-in-law of Aibak) was invited to Delhi à He then
disposed of Aram Shah and became Sultan.