Monday, April 26, 2021

SLAVE DYNASTY (1206-1290 AD) gulam bans kaal

🔆SLAVE DYNASTY (1206-1290 AD) 

✅Qutub-ud-din Aibak Founded Slave dynasty. It is also known as Mamluk Dynasty.  
✅Aibak is considered as real founder of Muslim rule in India.  

▪️Qutub-ud-din Aibak (1206-1210): 

✅Founded First independent Turkish Kingdom in Indian & assumed the title ‘Sultan’.  
✅He was a slave of M. Ghori. 
✅He became independent after Ghuri’s death and began his rule in 1206 A.D.  
✅He Made Lahore capital. 
✅He is Known as ‘lakh Baksh’ or giver of lakhs as he gave a lot of liberal donations. 
✅ Aibak issued coins in gold, silver, billon and copper. He discarded carving the name of Abbasid caliph on it.  

▪️ART & ARCHITECTURE 

✅Aibak constructed 2 Mosques:  
1. Quwwat-ul-Islam (Delhi). 
2. Arhai din ka Jhonpara (Ajmer) 
✅He  Started  construction  of  the  Qutub  Minar dedicated  to  Sufi  Saint,  Khwaja  Qutubuddin Bakthiyar Kaki - later completed by Iltutmish. 
✅He patronized Fakhar-ud-Din author of Tarikh-i-Mubarak Shahi & Hasan Nizami who wrote Tajul-Ma'asir, the first official history of the Delhi Sultanate.

▪️Aram Shah (1210):
 
✅Considered  most  incapable  ruler.  Thus  Iltutmish  (son-in-law  of  Aibak)  was  invited  to  Delhi à He  then  
disposed of Aram Shah and became Sultan.


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