🔆Stop TB Partnership Board
▪️Why in News
✅Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, has been appointed Chairman of the Stop TB Partnership Board.
✅He will serve a three year term, commencing July 2021, as the Chair of the Board of Stop TB Partnership.
▪️About the Stop TB Partnership Board:
✅It was established in 2000 and is mandated to eliminate Tuberculosis as a public health problem.
✅The organization was conceived following the meeting of the First Session of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Tuberculosis Epidemic held in London in March 1998.
✅In its inaugural year itself, the Stop TB Partnership through the Amsterdam Declaration gave a call for collaborative action from ministerial delegations from 20 countries that bear the highest burden of TB.
✅In 2019, it launched the updated Global Plan to End TB 2018-2022.
✅The Kochon Prize is awarded annually by Stop TB Partnership to individuals and/or organizations that have made a significant contribution to combating TB
✅Its secretariat is based at Geneva, Switzerland
▪️Scenario in India:
✅With an estimated 2.64 million TB patients, India has the largest burden of TB globally in terms of absolute numbers.
✅Recently, the “Step Up for TB 2020” report by the Stop TB Partnership and Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) has highlighted India’s conservative approach regarding the new medicines for Drug Resistant TB, putting lives of patients including children in danger.
▪️Steps Taken by India:
✅India has committed to eliminating TB in the country by 2025.
🔸Five years ahead of the global deadline of 2030.
✅National Strategy Plan for TB Elimination 2017-2025:
The requirements for moving towards TB elimination in India have been arranged in four strategic areas of Detect, Treat, Prevent & Build.
🔸There is also across all four areas, an overarching theme of the Private Sector. Another overarching theme is that of Key Populations.
✅TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign, Nikshay Poshan Yojana, etc.
✅The End TB Strategy of WHO.
World Tuberculosis (TB) Day is observed on 24th March to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB.