Tuesday, May 18, 2021

English for all Exams Noun Rules

🌅English for all Exams
  Noun Rules

🎆Rule 1: Uncountable nouns are used in singular forms only.

👉They are not used with the plural form of verbs. 

👉Indefinite articles are not used with these verbs

Uncountable nouns like advice, hair, luggage, business, mischief, scenery, vacation, evidence, abuse, employment, baggage etc. are used in singular forms. 

The Spy passed on an information to the Intelligence Agency. (Incorrect)

The Spy passed on information to the Intelligence Agency. (Correct)

Explanation: Here, "an information" is wrong as "information itself is a singular noun.

🎑Rule 2: To use Uncountable Nouns (mentioned in Rule 1) as plural, we use "some" or "much" in place of "many". 

There is many milk kept in the fridge. (Incorrect)
There is some milk kept in the fridge. (Correct)

Explanation: Here milk is an uncountable noun. So, we will use 'some' in place of 'many'. 

🎇Rule 3: There are some Collective nouns, which are used as a singular as well as plural depending on the usage.

👉Collective nouns such as committee, board, staff, team, police, audience, mob, crowd, jury, ministry, family etc. 

Case 1: When they are referred to as one collective body, they are considered singular and so are used with a singular verb. 
Example: Jury has chosen actress Kangana Ranaut for the Best Actress Award. 
Explanation: Here, Jury has been referred to as one body. 

Case 2: When the noun is used to refer to the different members or individuals, they are considered plural and are used with the plural verb.
Example: The ministry are divided on the farm bills and hence the decision is still pending.
Explanation: The above example describes that members were having differences in their opinion. Here "Jury" is used for members and not to the body as a whole. Therefore, we will use the plural form of the verb, i.e. 'are'

🌉Rule 4: Some Collective nouns which give an impression of singular but actually are plural and are used with a plural verb. 

👉Nouns like: Cattle, clergy, people, majority, folk, gentry, peasantry, are plural and to be used with the plural verbs. 

Cattle were being driven along the road from the village. 

Cattle is a collective noun that is plural. 

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