Tuesday, May 18, 2021

English for all Exams Noun Rules

🌅English for all Exams
  Noun Rules


🎆Rule 1: Uncountable nouns are used in singular forms only.

👉They are not used with the plural form of verbs. 

👉Indefinite articles are not used with these verbs

Uncountable nouns like advice, hair, luggage, business, mischief, scenery, vacation, evidence, abuse, employment, baggage etc. are used in singular forms. 

Example: 
The Spy passed on an information to the Intelligence Agency. (Incorrect)

The Spy passed on information to the Intelligence Agency. (Correct)

Explanation: Here, "an information" is wrong as "information itself is a singular noun.


🎑Rule 2: To use Uncountable Nouns (mentioned in Rule 1) as plural, we use "some" or "much" in place of "many". 

Example: 
There is many milk kept in the fridge. (Incorrect)
There is some milk kept in the fridge. (Correct)

Explanation: Here milk is an uncountable noun. So, we will use 'some' in place of 'many'. 


🎇Rule 3: There are some Collective nouns, which are used as a singular as well as plural depending on the usage.

👉Collective nouns such as committee, board, staff, team, police, audience, mob, crowd, jury, ministry, family etc. 

Case 1: When they are referred to as one collective body, they are considered singular and so are used with a singular verb. 
Example: Jury has chosen actress Kangana Ranaut for the Best Actress Award. 
Explanation: Here, Jury has been referred to as one body. 

Case 2: When the noun is used to refer to the different members or individuals, they are considered plural and are used with the plural verb.
Example: The ministry are divided on the farm bills and hence the decision is still pending.
Explanation: The above example describes that members were having differences in their opinion. Here "Jury" is used for members and not to the body as a whole. Therefore, we will use the plural form of the verb, i.e. 'are'


🌉Rule 4: Some Collective nouns which give an impression of singular but actually are plural and are used with a plural verb. 

👉Nouns like: Cattle, clergy, people, majority, folk, gentry, peasantry, are plural and to be used with the plural verbs. 

Example:
Cattle were being driven along the road from the village. 

Explanation: 
Cattle is a collective noun that is plural. 


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